A Hunting/Field Trial Doggie Kit
This article is reprinted with permission from Lynn Sandor. Photo also by Lynn Sandor of her dog Duke. The article first appeared in the Vizsla-Letter in 1993. It has been recently reviewed and updated for the VIZSLA HOME.
I let Duke know he'll be going with me on a trip by asking him "Are you packed yet?". But when I get only that questioning look in response, I now wonder if Duke is thinking: "Pack what?"
So I decided to research and write this article. I started by asking the experts: Duke' s trainer and vet, Dr. Paul Bannow (Victorian Veterinary Clinic in San Francisco). They, along with various books and magazine articles, suggested the following:
* Water: at least 2 gallons per dog. Ice packs or rubbing alcohol are also useful to cool down an overheated dog (see Towel below), and ice packs will control swelling from injury.
* Extra collar
*50 ft of Rope
* Towel(s): A very effective method to cool down an overheated dog is to wrap the dog in towels soaked in cold water.
* ACE Bandage: can be looped and wrapped around a broken bone for support and to avoid further damage while transporting your dog to the vet.
* Rug or Blanket For use when moving a seriously injured dog. Never pick up the dog by the waist or chest. as it may cause further injury. Instead, place the rug on the ground behind the dog and drag him onto it by the loose skin of his neck and back. Then, using 2 people and the rug as a hammock stretcher, lift the dog to safety.
* Shovel: For the obvious, but also can be used as a weapon to assist you in case a raccoon attacks your dog, or to kill a snake before it strikes.
Toe nail clippers
Pliers and/or Wire Cutters: Wire cutters may be necessary to cut a fish hook in half before it can be removed.
* Long-nosed blunt tweezers: to remove foreign particles, foxtails, etc. from wounds.
* Mineral oil: to aid in removal of foxt@ils.
* Corn Syrup: Puppies or adult hunting dogs may develop low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Care should be taken to feed before hunting and possibly increase the protein content. Suspect low blood sugar if your dog appears confused, disoriented or drowsy, shivers, staggers about or collapses. Seizures, as well as a coma, may also occur. Treat low blood sugar by giving your dog honey or sugar in water, candy, corn syrup or orange juice. If unable to treat seek professional help.
* Tomato Juice: to counter the effects of skunk spray.
* Tick Dip or Spray: to aid in avoiding or eliminating ticks when you find your dog in infested areas.
* Saline & Syringe: squirting into the eye is a safe and effective method to remove particles or seeds from your dog's eyes . A practical alternative might be a self-contained squirt bottle of artificial tears. Saline can also be used to wash wounds.
* Styptic Powder: to use to clot blood.
* Hydrogen Peroxide: for cleaning wounds, but not for use in eyes. Ingestion will cause vomiting.
* Topical Antibiotic Ointment to dress cuts or scratches after cleaning. A steroid-free ophthalmic antibiotic ointment should be used in and around the eyes, as steroids (cortisone) can permanently damage the cornea.
* Petroleum Jelly: Rubbing jelly around the eyes and nose areas can provide protection by trapping foreign objects, seeds and bugs.
* Gauze Pads, Gauze and Adhesive Tapes, and Bandages
* Cotton Balls and Swabs
* Rectal thermometer
* Pencil and Pad of Paper- having a friend jot down observations of your dog's symptoms, the time, treatments given and other facts may greatly help your vet's diagnosis and your dog's future treatment.
* First Aid Book or Pamphlets
Learn to know how to recognize emergencies and what to do in preparation for and while transporting a dog to the nearest veterinarian. Let your vet per form procedures you are unfamiliar with (i.e. extraction of foreign particles or splinting broken bones), as your efforts may further injure your dog.
A bruise or closed wound shouldn't be underestimated. A direct or glancing blow can cause serious internal injury. If the area is swollen or warm clean with cold water, apply ice packs and get to a vet as soon as possible.
For severe wounds involving considerable blood loss, you must control the bleeding and stabilize the dog' s condition while he is being transported for immediate professional care. Apply a pressure bandage to the wound. A pressure bandage is some type of padding (i.e. gauze) placed directly on the wound, either hand-held or taped. Use enough pressure to stop the bleeding, but not too much-don't stop circulation.
An injured dog may need to be muzzled to calm him, or to prevent his licking his wounds. If a commercial muzzle is not available, one can be made using gauze or a flat strip of cloth. Loop the material over the nose just behind the canine teeth, catching the lower jaw. Bring the ends down under and make a half hitch to hold the jaws together. Bring the ends around the neck below the ears and tie off behind his bead in a bow knot.
Never give food or water to your dog while transporting. To protect against shock, cover him to maintain body heat. Shock can be caused by dehydration, heat stroke, infections, hemorrhage or traumas. Shock may be defined as a lack of adequate blood flow to meet the body's needs. The body tries to correct this loss by speeding up the heart, constricting peripheral blood vessels and pooling fluids in the body's central blood vessels. As shock progresses, vital organs begin to shut down for lack of oxygen; shock becomes self-perpetuating and can cause death. Some signs of shock are: a drop in body temperature, lethargy, cold extremities, pale gums and mucus membranes, and a rapid weak pulse.
For any injuries, and especially to alleviate shock, it is extremely important to keep your dog calm. Remember it is very easy for your dog to pick up on your stress or fear. Handle him gently, speak calmly-be a comfort.